Epicurus (Ancient Greek: Ἐπίκουρος, romanized: Epíkouros;[a] 341–270 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and sage who founded Epicureanism, a highly influential school of philosophy. Sign Up for free (or Log In if you already have an account) to be able to post messages, change how messages are displayed, and view media in posts. Epicureanism also resembles Buddhism in its temperateness, including the belief that great excess leads to great dissatisfaction. [79][81] Epicurus had a low opinion of sex and marriage, regarding both as having dubious value. [39][40] Epicurus was an ardent Empiricist;[15][42][43] believing that the senses are the only reliable sources of information about the world. [63] The Epicureans believed that all sense perceptions were true,[64][65] and that errors arise in how we judge those perceptions. [97], Epicurus taught that the motion of atoms is constant, eternal, and without beginning or end. Asclepiades introduced the friendly, sympathetic, pleasing and painless treatment of patients. hide. Epicureanism is a system of philosophy founded around 307 BC based upon the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus. Epicurean paradox. [59] When not prevented by other atoms, all atoms move at the same speed naturally downwards in relation to the rest world. [79][80] "Moving" pleasures occur when one is in the process of satisfying a desire and involve an active titillation of the senses. Topic Archived; Page . [59][60], Epicurus also felt that the swerve was what accounted for humanity's free will. [28] The ultimate goal then of Epicurean ethics was to reach a state of aponia and ataraxia. [48][49] He taught that knowledge is learned through experiences rather than innate[50] and that the acceptance of the fundamental truth of the things a person perceives is essential to a person's moral and spiritual health. [138] In 1649, he published a commentary on Diogenes Laërtius's Life of Epicurus. [108], Epicurus rejected the conventional Greek view of the gods as anthropomorphic beings who walked the earth like ordinary people, fathered illegitimate offspring with mortals, and pursued personal feuds. [15][44][43] He rejected the Platonic idea of "Reason" as a reliable source of knowledge about the world apart from the senses[15] and was bitterly opposed to the Pyrrhonists and Academic Skeptics, who not only questioned the ability of the senses to provide accurate knowledge about the world, but also whether it is even possible to know anything about the world at all. [112] The Letter to Pythocles, written by a later Epicurean, is dismissive and contemptuous towards popular religion[112] and Epicurus's devoted follower, the Roman poet Lucretius (c. 99 BC – c. 55 BC), passionately assailed popular religion in his philosophical poem On the Nature of Things. [18] Epicurus rejected any possibility of an afterlife, while still contending that one need not fear death: "Death is nothing to us; for that which is dissolved, is without sensation, and that which lacks sensation is nothing to us. Epicurean Paradox The problem of evil, also known as the Riddle of Epicurus, states: If God is willing to prevent evil, but is not able to Then He is not omnipotent. [64][77], Epicurus distinguished between two different types of pleasure: "moving" pleasures (κατὰ κίνησιν ἡδοναί) and "static" pleasures (καταστηματικαὶ ἡδοναί). 10.4k comments. [96] He states that the javelin must either go past the edge of the universe, in which case it is not really a boundary, or it must be blocked by something and prevented from continuing its path, but, if that happens, then the object blocking it must be outside the confines of the universe. It its the meaning of the words that is established a-priori. 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