Biological Invasions. Seasonal changes in mineral and organic components of Ceratophyllum demersum and Elodea canadensis. (Dawson and Brabben, 1991; Bolton and Dawson, 1992). DOI:10.2134/jeq1979.00472425000800030006x, Peverly J H, Kopka R J, 1991. However, sites treated with chemical control have experienced a regrowth of the plant between 2 and 3 years after treatment (McGavigan, 2017). In: Flora of North America North of Mexico St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria.http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, Forsyth DJ, Howard-Williams C(Coordinators), 1983. http://www.cps-skew.ch/english/black_list.htm, Dandy JE, 1980. By the middle of the last century, it seems to have reached the maximum extent of its distribution (Simpson 1986, 1990; UK, Joint Nature Conservation Committee, 1995). Journal of Ecology, 71(1):161-175. curlyleaf pondweed; Other Scientific Names. Oviedo Prieto, R., Herrera Oliver, P., Caluff, M. G., et al., 2012. Elsewhere, infestations have been reported to reduce water flow in canals and streams by up to 80%. Design and performance of a water quality treatment wetland in a public park in Shanghai, China. In Europe it can survive in water depths of up to 4 m (McGavigan, 2012) in slow moving water. A few names on this list will fascinate those interested in the derivation of plant names: Achillea millefolium, Adonis amurensis, and Bougainvillea. Potamogeton tricarinatus. in a large, clear-water, species-rich Norwegian lake - impact on macrophyte biodiversity. Complete chloroplast genome sequence of Elodea canadensis and comparative analyses with other monocot plastid genomes. Elodea canadensis is a submerged aquatic plant of slower flowing rivers, native to North America. Persistence of diquat and endothall in the aquatic environment. http://www.itis.gov, James, C. S., Eaton, J. W., Hardwick, K., 1999. Chapman VJ, 1970. 2. Anthropogenic vegetation changes along water bodies in the German Democratic Republic. Simsiman GV, 1974. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. DOI:10.1016/0304-3770(77)90038-9. 53 (4), 169-175. Kharchenko G V, Klochenko P D, Sosnovskaya O A, 2008. http://wcsp.science.kew.org/, Haag RW, 1979. This pattern of genetic variation has also been detected in Finland (Huotari et al., 2011). The PLANTS Database. Elodea canadensis has been intentionally introduced outside its natural range via trade in live aquarium plants, and has spread by escaping from garden ponds and during the disposal of garden waste near waterways. The use of a check-list in assessing possible environmental impacts in planning watercourse improvements. ©GBNNSS/Crown Copyright/British Waterways. However, Cook and Urmi-König (1985), in the latest revision of the genus, recognize five species of Elodea, all of them from the New World: E. potamogeton (Bert) Espinosa and E. callitrichoides (Rich.) Primary production of phytoepiphyton in water bodies of Kiev. Liogier, H. A., Martorell, L. F., 2000. Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Larson D, 2007. USA. ], Snow JR, 1958. of coldest month > 0°C and < 18°C, mean warmest month > 10°C, Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. This species is sold commercially as an aquarium or garden plant, and there is a high risk of introduction. Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. by Rodwell, J. S.]. by Wooldridge, R.]. Limnologica, 51, 110-117. doi: 10.1016/j.limno.2014.12.010, Adamec L, Ondok J P, 1992. Hercynia, 24(3):306-310, Lambertini, C., Riis, T., Olesen, B., Clayton, J. S., Sorrell, B. K., Brix, H., 2010. The staminate spathe has a pedunculate base, inflated, 7 mm long, 4 mm wide. Genetic diversity in three invasive clonal aquatic species in New Zealand. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Further introductions in these regions are therefore unlikely. Res. Netherlands: European Weed Research Society - EWRS, Postbus 29, NL-6865 ZG Doorwerth, http://www.ewrs.org, UK: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology - CEH, CEH Wallingford, Maclean Building, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, http://www.ceh.ac.uk/, UK: Environment Agency, National Customer Contact Centre Clark WF, 1954. Very small plant fragments are able to form roots from nodes and start growing (McGavigan, 2017). Agricultural Research (Washington), 38(9):21, Wychera U, Dirry P, Janauer GA, 1990. Comparison of three life history traits of invasive Elodea canadensis Michx. Aquatic weeds in Australian inland waters. Aquatic Botany, 75(2), 137-145. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T4F-479KC92-1&_user=10&_handle=W-WA-A-A-AU-MsSAYVW-UUA-AUCZUUAZBC-AUVZCAZBB-AU-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=02%2F28%2F2003&_rdoc=4&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%234973%232003%23999249997%23375249!&_cdi=4973&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=513ed10ffe2d35e128e9487d416cbc66 doi: 10.1016/S0304-3770(02)00170-5, Pip E, Simmons K, 1986. Regeneration and colonization abilities of the invasive species Elodea canadensis and Elodea nuttallii under a salt gradient: implications for freshwater invasibility. Cutting is best undertaken before July, when peak biomass is reached, preferably in March. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 31:17-23, Hughes RW, 1976. Proceedings Soil Crop Society, Florida, 18:210-215, Sheldon R, Boylan C, 1977. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue No. Since that time, E. canadensis populations appear to have stabilized (Simpson, 1984; Simpson and Duenas, 2011), or declined, and in some cases disappeared (Millane and Caffrey, 2014). Monocotyledons. Harmonia database: Elodea Canadensis. pondweed. Elodea canadensis is a dioecious, perennial, submerged aquatic macrophyte with elongated flexuous stems and long internodes which are clothed with whorls of sessile, minutely-serrate leaves and rooted from their nodes, typically in mud substrates. Noxious aquatic vegetation in Louisiana & measures to contain the plants. by Caffrey, J. M., Barrett, P. R. F., Ferreira, M. T., Moreira, I. S., Murphy, K. J., Wade, P. M.]. 44 (4), 35-41. Elodea canadensis is included in the IUCN Red List, categorized as being of Least Concern. It can occur in fast-flowing waters but only at low abundance (Lansdown, 2015). BMC Genetics, 11(52), (18 June 2010). Restricting nutrient availability for example, the use of salt-rich water for secondary irrigation in Australia, is also likely to severely restrict the growth of freshwater plants. The distribution of submerged aquatic macrophyte biomass in a eutrophic stream, Badfish Creek: the effect of environment. For E. canadensis can easily be spread by the Royal Botanic Gardens and... Murphy KJ, Pieterse AH, Wade PM, Wallsten M ]: Series... Clickability ) )., Groningen, the Netherlands: Wolters-Noordhoff NV Vilnius city Flora of British.... 10.3391/Ai.2012.7.1.006, Vernon E, Stiers I, Krishna R, 1995 ) reduces recreational opportunities and diminishes aesthetics the., dry winters ), 337-348. doi: 10.1016/S0304-3770 ( 02 ) 00106-7, Bazarova, B, Castella,! E, Lachavanne JB, 1995 )., Groningen, the Netherlands: Q-Bank Atlas of in... A high risk of introduction and Industrial Research, No in Polish lakes: a review of the 10th Symposium... 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