Abigail, Nabal, and David Abigail is an interesting woman who we meet in 1 Samuel chapter 25. William Rose Benet notes the notoriety of Abigail Hill, better known as "Mrs Masham", a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne. The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Abigail (Hebrew: אֲבִיגַיִל‎, avigáyil, ’ǎḇîḡayil) was the wife of Nabal; she became a wife of the future King David after Nabal's death (1 Samuel 25). Abigail L. 14. So when we ask ourselves, what does it mean to “be wise as serpents and innocent as doves?” we must look no further than Abigail in the Bible. More than 1,000 of her works have been featured in various publications ranging from Writer's Digest to Keys for Kids. While David and his men are encamped near Jezreel, the women are captured by Amalekites who raided the town of Ziglak and carried off the women and children. Derived from the Hebrew word ab, "father", and the Hebrew root g-y-l, "to rejoice," the name Abigail has a variety of possible meanings including "my father's joy" and "source of joy". "[8], Levenson and Halpern suggest that Abigail may, in fact, also be the same person as Abigail, mother of Amasa. Instead, Nabal, Abigail’s then-husband, hurls insults at David. 25:41-42). . gail. She became the mother of one of David's sons, who is listed in the Book of Chronicles under the name Daniel, in the Masoretic Text of the Books of Samuel as Chileab,[2] and in the Septuagint text of 2 Samuel 3:3 as Δαλουια, Dalouia. Or why did God allow him to do it? Who was Abigail in the Bible? But her character shows us that women of God can be humble, wise, and diplomatic. [3] Her name is spelled Abigal in 2 Samuel 17:25 in the American Standard Version. If two become one, it complicates things when you add additional wives or husbands to that formula. “At once Abigail hastened,” we read. As a woman of beauty and brains, she counsels David, prophesies his kingship, and becomes one of his wives who is actually named. Abigail married Jether, who also was known as Ithra. "In the Abigail story, David, the potential king, is seen as increasingly strong and virtuous, whereas in the Bathsheba story, the reigning monarch shows his flaws ever more overtly and begins to lose control of his family. without becoming difficult yourself! Abigail (Heb. The banquet Nabal throws himself, and the amount of food Abigail sends David seems to confirm this. Abigail - Women of the Bible. 2 The Jewish Study Bible, 608.. 3 Debra Evans, Women of Character (Grand Rapids, Zondervan 1996) 112.. 4 Lindsay Hardin Freeman, Bible Women (Forward Movement, 2014) 192.. 5 The Jewish Study Bible, 610. jwa.org. We do know from one other reference in 1 Chronicles 3 that Abigail was the mother of David’s son named Daniel. Abigail definitely belongs in this study of great women of the Bible. Does David mark as the exception to having more than one wife, or does he encounter consequences for doing so? We can chalk up polygamy in the Bible as men engaging in a corrupt cultural practice that was, essentially, “okay” in their eyes at the time. She gives him food, and speaks to him, urging him not to "have on his conscience the staggering burden of needless bloodshed" (verse 31, NIV) and reminding him that God will make him a "lasting dynasty" (verse 28). Scripture makes it clear that by the time of Malachi God shows he desires a monogamous union. Does this mean that the Bible allows for polygamy? [9] In terms of her moral character, Abraham Kuyper argues that Abigail's conduct indicates "a most appealing character and unwavering faith,"[10] but Alice Bach regards her as subversive. Instead, Abigail pleaded for Nabal’s life and the lives of her entire household. INTRODUCTION Abigail was the wife of Nabal. The name Abigail was also borne by David’s sister (1 Chronicles 2:16), who was the mother of … They should try to be wise in their choice. By her quick wisdom and generosity she not only saved her entire family from death, but was miraculously delivered from an evil husband, and given a Godly husband in his place. Abigail, in the Old Testament, the wife of Nabal of southern Judah, on whose death she became one of the first wives of David (1 Samuel 25) and the mother of his son Chileab. If men were intent on objectifying and abusing women, God determined to put a few safety measures in place. The story of Abigail in the Bible is an interesting one for many reasons. David proceeds to ask Abigail to be his wife. David led the pursuit, and they were subsequently rescued. Abigail from the Bible, was the wife of, Nabal, a very wicked man, who thought only of himself. She probably had every creature comfort anyone could ask for. Nevertheless, as stated in the Bible Study Tools article linked above, God “resets the clock” in the New Testament and Jesus’ teachings on marriage clearly show that God desires a marriage union between one man and one woman (Matthew 19). Don’t let fear hold you back – move forward in God’s courage and wisdom. Even Solomon, who seems to stand out from his brothers who rape and try to usurp David, falls into depravity and has 1000 wives and concubines. All to say, we don’t know if Abigail approved of David’s taking on multiple wives. But does David show the exception to polygamy? This should be enough to fix the current problem if used correctly. She is described as intelligent and beautiful while Nabal was rich, mean and surly in his dealings. Scripture presents her as a beautiful, intelligent woman whose lot in life is one of being married to a rich fool. 25:33-34). Her modern-day Daniel trilogy released its first two installments with IlluminateYA, and the final one, Vision, releases in August of 2021. [5] Alice Bach notes that Abigail pronounces a "crucial prophecy,"[6] and the Talmud regards her as one of the Tanakh's seven female prophets. Abigail (Hebrew: אֲבִיגַיִל‎, avigáyil, ’ǎḇîḡayil) was the wife of Nabal; she became a wife of the future King David after Nabal's death (1 Samuel 25). [7] Levenson, however, suggests that she "senses the drift of history" from intelligence rather than from special revelation. Abigail is a featured figure on Judy Chicago's installation piece The Dinner Party, being represented in one of the 999 tiles of the Heritage Floor. Abigail didn’t leave Nabal; she didn’t even let David kill him. Abigail was faithful. Apart from the 1 Samuel passage above, we don’t find much about Abigail except a listing in Chronicles 3:1. The story of Abigail and David ranks almost as exciting and deceitful as that of David and his most famous wife, Bathsheba. Hope Bolinger is a literary agent at C.Y.L.E. When David learns of Nabal’s death, he recognizes that the Lord has protected David and avenged him from Nabal’s evildoing. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Abigail was also honest with her husband (1 Sam. Abigail is the story of an astute woman who used her wits to save her household. As a woman of beauty and brains, she counsels David, prophesies his kingship, and becomes one of his wives who is actually named. [11], Adele Berlin contrasts the story of Abigail with that of Bathsheba. So, if Abigail abounded with wisdom and beauty, why did David marry more than one woman. [4], In 1 Samuel 25, Nabal demonstrates ingratitude towards David, the son of Jesse (from the tribe of Judah), and Abigail attempts to placate David, in order to stop the future King from taking revenge. If men were allowed to take multiple wives, they could satisfy various desires without divorce. She is also the co-author of the Dear Hero duology, which was published by INtense Publications. We don’t get to hear about too many female figures in the Bible, and although we may have heard the name “Abigail” widely used in today’s vernacular, we may not know much about Abigail’s story in the Bible. Abigail in the Bible was a woman in ancient Israel who married a very wealthy man named Nabal. Abigail stands out for a number of reasons. Poor Abigail–the Bible calls her beautiful and intelligent, her actions show that she had wisdom, discernment and a gracious heart, but she ended up with a loser like Nabal! 1 Tamar Kadari, “Abigail: Midrash and Aggadah” jwa.org. In Abigail’s case they chose Nabal, and she cannot be blamed for their choice. Find out more about her at her website. The name Abigail means “cause of joy.” The Scriptures don’t say why Abigail—a beautiful, joyful woman—would marry a foolish brute like Nabal. [8], Abigail is also listed as one of the seven Jewish women prophets, the other six being Miriam, Deborah, Hannah, Sarah, Huldah,and Esther. King David had a complicated family life with multiple wives and many children. Abigail humbly accepts his proposal (1 Sam. Abigail is the wife of Nabal the Calebite from Carmel and later becomes the second wife of David. Whether David married her because he was attracted to her, or as an astute political move, or both is unclear. See how the empowerment of the Holy Spirit can help you deal with difficult people . 2:1-4). It was customary at shee… אֲבִיגַיִל) is the name of two women in the Bible. After all, most people in the Bible who marry more than one wife have great familial troubles as a consequence of this action (take, for instance, Jacob married two wives and all the drama that happens because of that). She is the embodiment of Matthew 10:16. Her story is found in 1 Samuel 25. Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2020, Christianity.com. But this doesn’t mean he didn’t marry other women in addition to Abigail. She has good sense, and she keeps David from doing a bad thing. Commentators suggest such might be the case because Nabal was very rich (1 Samuel 25:2). The passage in 1 Samuel 25 makes it clear he also married Ahinoam, and married others along the way. STORY OF ABIGAIL In 1 Samuel 25, a beautiful story emerges, one of submission and deliverance. Abigail is described as intelligent and beautiful. But wait a minute, hadn’t David already married other women such as Michal and Ahinoam? Perhaps that is why Abigail raised no objections to the fact that David had eight wives in all. If we take one look at what happens to David’s sons, we can get a good idea of the dissolving family dynamic the Davidic dynasty had. We do know that David had lost his wife Michal before this to childbirth. We’ll dive into all these questions and more. [5], After Abigail reveals to Nabal what she has done, "God struck Nabal and he died," (v.38), after which David married her. The passage confirms this when she predicts David will be king over Israel. She has worked for various publishing companies, magazines, newspapers, and literary agencies and has edited the work of authors such as Jerry B. Jenkins and Michelle Medlock Adams. The main story of Abigail is found in 1 Samuel 25. After all, their neighbors had multiple wives, why not them? Her character shows us that women of God can be humble, wise, and diplomatic. She sent a bounty of supplies to David’s camp without Nabal’s knowledge (verses 18–19). [1] Abigail was David's second wife, after Saul and Ahinoam's daughter, Michal, whom Saul later married to Palti, son of Laish when David went into hiding. So, does Scripture allow polygamy? They had a son named Amasa who became a leader in David's army (2 Samuel 17:25; 1 Chronicles 2:16, 17) but was killed by his cousin, Joab. We also do have to keep in mind that during the Old Testament times, women were seen more as property than humans [cultural views, not God’s] and that marriage would give them security, as we see from this article. This commentary describes this as, “David was carried away by the corrupt custom of those times.”. Jon Levenson calls this an "undeniable adumbration" of Nathan's prophecy in 2 Samuel 7. But modern women usually choose their own husband. What Did God Mean When He Said 'Behold I Am Doing a New Thing' in Isaiah 43:19? What Is the Meaning of Lazarus and the Rich Man? 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