that includes Nigeria, enin, Togo, Ghana, and ôte d’Ivoire. Non-staked TDr95/19177 was technically and economically the more efficient system for production followed both staked and non-staked Punjo, Dente and Tela. ECONOMICS OF SMALL-SCALE SEED YAM PRODUCTION IN GHANA: IMPLICATIONS FOR COMMERCIALIZATION It is also projected that growth rate for yams in Ghana is 2.75% per annum … Potential yield for the year 2015 was 52mt/ha. Use of QUEFTS Model to determine the most efficient use of fertilizer to maximized yam production. staking. On the one hand, increasing yam production through expansion of area harvested is limited due to decreasing land availability in the Brong Ahafo Region, where most of the production takes place. With a Vision of becoming the leading source of premium quality yam products with global penetration and contribution to an improved Ghanaian economy and livelihoods,the Ghana Yam Producers and Exporters Association was incorporated under the Ghana Company’s Code, 1963 Act 179 on the 2nd of June 1987. The world production of yam was estimated at 28.1 million tons in 1993. The Association’s objectives are to promote the production … Integrated nutrient management for yam production in Northern region of Ghana . Generally, cost of yam production was greater in the coastal savannah than the forest and the forest-savannah transition, due to the largest cost of labour and … Faced with serious seed yam shortages, some farmers in Southern Kaduna, Nigeria, plant the same sett twice. Improved yam varieties released and registered in Ghana is a compilation of improved yam varieties and their characteristics. November 9-15, 2003, pp. Nigeria is by far the world’s largest producer of yams, accounting for over 70–76 percent of the world production.According to the Food and Agriculture Organization report, in 1985, Nigeria produced 18.3 million tonnes of yam from 1.5 million hectares, representing 73.8 percent of total yam production in Africa. 8.2.6 Yam. It remains the second most important tuber crop in Africa, after just cassava root, with production reaching above one … Ghana is the third largest yam producer in West Africa after Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire, but when it comes to exportation, they are the leading exporter of yam, accounting for over 94 percent of total yam exports in West Africa. Farmers commercially cultivate mainly Dioscorea rotundata (26 varieties) and to a lesser … Farmers in the district usually produce large quantities of yam during the main growing seasons. Although yam production in Africa is 40% that of cassava, the value of yam production exceeds all other African staple crops and is equivalent to the combined value for the top three cereal crops – maize, rice and sorghum (Africa Yam Project, 2016). After a planted seed yam has formed roots, vines, and leaves, the same seed yam is carefully detached and … According to the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) a majority of this production (90%) takes place in the ‘yam zone’, comprising Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Côte d’Ivoire. In 2013, the West Africa yam belt produced a total of 54.5 million tonnes of yam on 4.4 million hectares. Yam production is characterised by clearing of new areas on yearly basis. Cocoyam varieties released and registered in Ghana is a compilation of improved cocoyam varieties and their characteristics. Yam has about 600 species which have an annual life cycle characterized by five stages. 8. He added, “Yam production in Ghana contributed about 16 per cent to the country’s agricultural Gross Domestic Product between 2005 and 2010. First, it is frequently confused with other crops that go by the same name outside of West Africa. Yam is produced in seven out Yam is estimated to occupy about 6.32% of total cropped area of Ghana hence such a land area is deforested and in the long run degraded through yam cultivation each year. Most of the yams grown in Nigeria are from small farm land. This study evaluated the economics of seed yam production in four major yam producing Districts in Ghana. production method is practiced by some farmers in the yam growing regions of Nigeria and Ghana. 13 th Symposium of International Society of Tropical Root Crops (ISTRC), Arusha, Tanzania. Improved yam ... Okra production is a very profitable farming business, especially during the periods of low rainfall. This represents 90.6% of the total global production and 88% of the total world area planted to yam. PROBLEMS OF YAM PRODUCTION IN OUR COMMUNITY ABSTRACT Declining productivity of yam in Nigeria highlighted the need for a study to determine both the effect of fertilization on yam (Dioscorea spp.) He noted that yam export trade in Ghana employs over one million work force and accounts for 94 percent of total yam exports in West Africa to US, Canada, UK and Europe. According to 2008 figures, yam production … On the other hand, Internationally, yam production in Ghana has been increasing at a decreasing rate as compared to Nigeria and Cote d Ivoire, (FAOSTAT, 2013). Yam is therefore, second to cassava in terms of root crop production in Ghana and accounts for about 24 percent of total roots and tubers production in the country (MoFA, 2010). The first stage is … KEYWORDS: Yam Production, Stochastic Profit frontier, Profit efficiency, Northern Ghana INTRODUCTION The flowering plants of Yams (Dioscorea) genus are Angiosperms are monocotyledons (Norman et al., 1984). Virtually all global yam production takes place in the developing world. Yam production in Ghana has been on the decline despite the increasing demand for local consumption and for export. Yam vine technology for seed yam production. Yam production occurs in all regions, except for the Central, Greater Accra and Upper East regions with Upper West being the fourth region in terms of its production (9%), The yam value chain surveys with farmers, marketers (including exporters), transporters, and processors helped to estimate the cost of production of ware and seed yam, analyze costs and benefits of yam transaction, and identify major ware yam supply and distribution routes in both Nigeria and Ghana. The analysis was based on primary data collected from seventy (70) seed yam producers selected through snowball sampling technique. The Ghana Yam Producers and Exporters Association was incorporated under the Ghana Company’s Code, 1963 Act 179 on the 2nd of June 1987. The limited information available on sweet potato production in Ghana is presented in the appendix. To increase yam productivity whilst reducing production costs and environmental impact ... Project Outputs. Yam is an important source of carbohydrate for many people of the Sub Sahara region especially in the yam zones of West Africa. The various spp of yam are as follows: 1. Nigeria, West Africa produces yam in vast quantity and is accounting for about 70% of the world's total yam production, and because of this, it is the termed the largest producers of yams globally followed by Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana respectively. Currently, 56.1 % of the population of Ghana is urban (17,067,171 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Ghana is 134 people per Km 2 (346 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land … Active yam breeding programs in four countries in West Africa (Nigeria, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana and Benin) capable of developing and regularly releasing new … Average yield (on farm) of Yam cultivation under rain-fed conditions was 16.96mt/ha for the year 2015. yield andhe best agronomic management options available for stabilizing yam productivity, via the modeling of yam … 5. About 90 percent of Ghana’s yams are exported to the US, UK and the Netherlands. 6. The Africayam project has 3 primary outcomes which includes. The cocoyam varieties released have different structural characteristic features and are high yielding. Ghana is the third largest yam producer in West Africa after Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire, but it is the leading exporter of yam accounting for over 94 percent of total yam exports in West Africa. … The … 16. Improved yam barn for preserving the quality of seed yams. 7. In perspective, the world’s second and third largest producers of yams, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, only produced 6.9 and 4.8 million … Second, its production method does not lend itself to comprehensive analysis because it varies significantly in different agroecologies within the West African yam belt and in other yam … Industry Overview. The five major yam-producing countries (Bénin, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, and Togo) account for 93% of the world’s production, with Nigeria alone accounting for 68% of global production (36 million t on 3 million ha) with 31.8% of the population depending on yam for food and income security. The Association’s objectives are to promote the production and exportation of good quality and certified yams from Ghana, and also to assist members to adopt proper methods … Yam (Dioscrora spp) are among the most valued tuber crops in the tropics – West Africa is one among the three largest yam production region in the world and Nigeria is the largest production of yam in the world. Yam production in Ghana: To stake or not to stake -A plant breeding perspective. This is particularly so in the Zabzugu District located in the Northern Region of Ghana, where yam production is the main economic activity. A survey was carried out in three ecological zones to find out the constraints and prospects to yam production. Ghana faces several challenges and opportunities for increasing yam production. We find that yam production in Ghana has increased steadily over the last 15 years, and that while yam yields have increased from 12.8 MT/Ha in 1996 to 15.6 MT/Ha in 2011, an estimated yield gap of 33.4 MT/Ha persists. A Sample Yam Flour Production Business Plan Template 1. Yam is a complex crop in several ways. 96% of this came from West Africa, the main producers being; Nigeria, the world’s largest yam producer with 71% of world production; Côte d’Ivoire 8.1%; Benin 4.3% and Ghana 3.5% In the humid tropical countries of West Africa yams are one of … Ghana is the second largest producer of yam in West Africa and the main production areas are Northern, Brong Ahafo, Upper West, Eastern and Ashanti regions. In West Africa yam plays key roles in food security, income generation, and the sociocultural life of at least 60 million people. 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