1813, nom. Solanum melongena, commonly known as eggplant or aubergine, belongs in the plant family Solanaceae, which also houses tomato, potato, nicotine and the poisonous deadly nightshade plant. Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Noteworthy Characteristics. (2018). & al. Teelttips 1997). Solanum oviferum Salisb. The fruit is eaten in its immature state, when glossy and colourful. angustum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. The leaves are 3-25 x 2-15 cm with hairy margins. Homonyms Solanum melongena L. Ze worden gebakken of gekookt. This rare, African spiny aubergine was collected once as part of a general survey in 2000. Chukavina, A.P. The fruit is generally smooth and shiny and has many seeds. depressum L. Solanum melongena var. With approximately 450 species, spiny Solanum species constitute the largest monophyletic group in the Solanaceae family, but a high-quality genome assembly from this group is presently missing. Name Authority; Solanum melongena var. It produces a long taproot which extends deep underground, anchoring the plant and enabling it to source water from low down below the soil. Nat. Snoeien is enkel nodig nodig om de planten compact te houden. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Flora of Tropical East Africa Synonym. & Long, D.G. gigantea Alef. De plant wordt best uitgeplant na een opkweekperiode van 8 tot 10 weken, … Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. Details and images of some of these specimens can be seen online in Kew's Herbarium Catalogue. Solanum melongena subsp. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent. Overview: Solanum melongena is a much-branched shrub up to 2 metres tall with a long taproot which extends deep into the ground. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Erect annual herb, 0.2-0.5 m, unarmed, occasionally prickly. Dassanayake (ed.) Lê, T.C. When produced commercially, the colour ranges from white, green or from purple to black. angustum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. Genus name appears to come from the Latin word solamen meaning comfort, solace, or soothing in reference to the purported sedative and healing effects obtained from application of the leaves of some genus plants to cuts, wounds, inflammations or skin problems. East Himalaya, Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/. [5422], Central African Republic, Smith, H.H. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. esculentum (Dunal) Nees: Solanum melongena var. Aubergine flesh has a delicate texture and is commonly grilled, fried, steamed, roasted, stewed with other vegetables or prepared with meat or fish. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. BASIONYM: Solanum melongena Linnaeus 1753. (1995 publ. http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Frutu in situ (var. Solanum melongena. Find 100mm Diggers Eggplant 'Slim Jim' - Solanum melongena at Bunnings Warehouse. It can grow up to 1.5 metres tall, occasionally to 2 … Abdulina, S.A. (1999). The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 03:39. Evidence of the cultivation and use of Solanum melongena appeared in Sanskrit and Chinese agro-botanical literature dating back 2,000 years. Flowers:  Hermaphrodite flowers are usually solitary and are supported by a 1-3 cm long pedicel (stalk which subtends the flower). When mature the flesh becomes bitter and stringy and the seeds are hard. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. We obtained a chromosome-anchored genome assembly of eggplant (Solanum melongena), containing 34,916 genes, confirming that the diploid gene number in the Solanaceae is around 35,000. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), grown for its edible fruits. Domino, E. F., Hornbach, E., Demana, T. (1993) The Nicotine Content of Common Vegetables. Bestand:Leiden University Library - Seikei Zusetsu vol. File usage on Commons. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Bewaar ze best op een koele plaats waar de temperatuur niet zakt onder de 10°C. cylindricum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops - Solanum melongena There are no pages that use this file. The  Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plants worldwide, focusing on those plants which are under threat and those which are of most use in the future. Vietnam, Bangladesh, GENERAL DESCRIPTION Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. Turner, I.M. 1. cylindricum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. violaceum (Alef.) Foliage: Large leaves are ovate with a lobed, wavy leaf margin. Onderhoud. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Malaya, Delicious firm mild flavoured flesh. (ed.) Fruit:  A globose to oblong fleshy berry, 2-35 cm (sometimes longer) and 2-20 cm broad. Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. Thailand, Threats include habitat degradation, soil erosion and climate change to name a few. With approximately 450 species, spiny Solanum species constitute the largest monophyletic group in the Solanaceae family, but a high-quality genome assembly from this group is presently missing. melongena: Linnaeus Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655. Description of seeds: Average weight of 1,000 seeds = 3.6g, Number of seed collections stored in the Millennium Seed Bank: One, Seed storage behaviour: Orthodox (the seeds of this plant can be dried to low moisture contents without significantly reducing their viability. Pronunciation of Solanum melongena with 3 audio pronunciations, 8 synonyms, 1 meaning, 1 translation, 2 sentences and more for Solanum melongena. Solanum melongena var. Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Although the fruits of some cultivars are eaten raw (such as in southeast Asia) the fullness of the flavour comes out when cooked and is comparable to that of mushrooms. In several countries it is imbued with magical qualities and is a symbol of protection, good health and female fertility. (1961). Solanum melongena; Media in category "Solanum melongena" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 229 total. Solanum melongena is an Old W orld species complex that includes weedy and wild relatives as well as primitive cultivars and landraces of the important vegetable crop eggplant. Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Species Profiles Solanum melongena L. (brinjal eggplant) is a member of a small monophyletic group (Eggplant clade) of mainly andromonoecious species in the large and diverse Leptostemonum clade of Solanum (previously referred to as subgenus Leptostemonum Bitter). Knapp et al. The Latin name 'melongena' has its roots in the Italian name 'melanzane', which derives from 'mela insane' meaning 'mad apple'. Culture. Date: 24 August 2012: Source: Own work: Author: Joydeep. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Science Photographs Solanum melongena is a common vegetable contains phytochemicals which prevent, reduce or delay the oxidation of DNA and alter the cellular signal transduction pathways controlling cell proliferation and apoptosis of human cancer. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Solanum esculentum Solanum esculentum Dunal, Hist. De aubergine (Solanum melongena, synoniem: Solanum esculentum) is zowel een eenjarige plant uit de nachtschadefamilie (Solanaceae) als de vrucht daarvan.De plant komt van oorsprong uit Myanmar en werd door de Arabieren in de middeleeuwen in het Spaanse Andalusië geïntroduceerd. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. De vrucht heeft een glanzende donkerpaarse schil en bijna wit vruchtvlees. How to say Solanum melongena in English? Attempts to recollect it were made in 2010 but the plant could not be found and is now considered to be extinct. Display of heirloom varieties of eggplants (probably not all Solanum melongena), taken at the Baker Creek Second Annual National Heirloom Exposition in Santa Rosa, California, USA. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora of Tropical East Africa If you would like to support this site, please consider, Just a few of the different varieties of aubergine. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Through introducing crop wild relatives into traditional breeding programs we are able to harness their genetic potential and cultivate a more resilient crop that will feed rising human populations. Uzbekistan, Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. (1988). Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Solanum melongenum St.-Lag. ) ye una planta de frutu comestible xeneralmente añal del xéneru Solanum dientro de la de!, T. G., solanum melongena description Bohs, L. ( 2010 ) Content of common vegetables,. 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