Tâmil Nadu [1] (em tâmil: தமிழ்நாடு, "Terra dos Tâmeis", t̪ɐmɨɻ n̪aːɽɯ) é um dos 28 estados da Índia.A sua capital e maior cidade é Chennai (antigamente chamada de Madras ou, em português, Madrasta). Erode is a Munciple Corporation city situated in Erode Taluka of Erode district. three of the parties emerged prominent - Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) among Vanniyar, Puthiya Tamilagam among Devendrar and Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi among Paraiyar polled 12 percent vote in the 1999 Loksabha elections. Population 62405679 By Sex Male 31400909 Female 31004770 By Area Rural 34921681 Urban 27483998 Density (per Sq. As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Tamil Nadu, 48.4% people lived in urban regionswhile 51.6% in rural areas. Hinduism is the largest religion of Tamil Nadu. Vishnu is either worshipped directly or in the form of his ten avatara, most famous of whom are Rama and Krishna. Most of them came from the Tamil region and the last of them lived in the 9th century CE. These classes in turn are grouped into social groups especially in rural areas. This empire lasted for almost two centuries till the defeat of Vijayanagara in the Battle of Talikota in 1565. In Ramanathapuram Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 988 against state average of 996. [48], Lingothbhavar or emergence of linga, found in various puranas as a symbol of Shiva, augments the synthesis of the old cults of pillar and phallic worship. "Sri Krishna & Janmashtami - Essence of Srivaishnava Practices", "Tamil Nadu DATA HIGHLIGHTS : THE SCHEDULED CASTES Census of India 2001", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hinduism_in_Tamil_Nadu&oldid=991257913, Articles needing more viewpoints from December 2011, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 03:37. Ahobila Mutt's Balaji Mandir Pune, Calendar - The calendar mentions Ahobila Mutt disciples celebrating Krishna Jayanti as "Pancharatra Sri Jayanti". [50], Nataraja or Nataraj, The Lord (or King) of Dance; (Tamil: கூத்தன் (Kooththan)) is a depiction of the Hindu god Shiva as the cosmic dancer Koothan who performs his divine dance to destroy a weary universe and make preparations for god Brahma to start the process of creation. Thanks for A2A. This period was also that of the re-invigorated Hinduism during which temple building and religious literature were at their best.[4]. The growth rates have been … Tamil Nadu. In modern times, most of the temples are maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu. [29][30][31][32] Since then a succession of forty-six ascetics known as "Azhagiya Singar" have headed the monastic order. Kanchan Sinha, Kartikeya in Indian art and literature, 1979, Delhi: Sundeep Prakashan. As per the Census India 2011, Namakkal Taluk has 148468 households, population of 541488 of which 272644 are males and 268844 are females. The propagation of linga worship on a large scale in South India is believed to be from Chola times (late 7th century A.D.), through Rig veda, the oldest literature details about worshipping Shiva in the form of linga. [54], Dakshinamurthy or Jnana Dakshinamurti(Tamil: தட்சிணாமூர்த்தி, IAST:Dakṣiṇāmūrti)[55] is an aspect of Shiva as a guru (teacher) of all fields. The population is also comprised of various indigenous communities. A steeply classified class structure existed in Tamil Nadu from around 2000 years because of the correlation in the form of cultivation, population and centralization of political system. In kerala hindu population has already gone below 51%. This is referred to as the Dark Age in Tamil history and Hinduism in Tamil Nadu. The hero stones are dated to the 3rd century C.E. [3] The Sangam poetry divided space and Tamil land into five allegorical areas and according to the Tirumurugarruppatai (circa 400-450 A.D.) attributed to the great Sangam poet Nakkiirar, Murugan was the presiding deity of the Kurinci region (hilly area). In 2011, population density for Tamil Nadu was 555 people per square kilometer. Ayyanar (Tamil: ஐயனார்) is worshipped as a guardian deity predominantly in Tamil Nadu and Tamil villages in Sri Lanka. According to the data, the Hindu population in Tamil Nadu saw an increase of 14.91 per cent between 2001 and 2011. It was under him that Dravidian architecture reached its peak with the Pallava built Hindu temples. [51][52][53] The form is present in most Shiva temples in South India, and is the main deity in the famous temple at Chidambaram. With a total of 72,147,030 people living in the state, Tamil Nadu is ranked at 6th in terms of state-wise population in India. As of 1987, there were a total of 27 Shiva temples under the control of the adheenam. The population of children between age 0-6 is 49086 which is 9.07% of total population. The Cheras ruled in southern India from before the Sangam era (300 BCE – 250 CE) over the Coimbatore, Karur, Salem Districts in present-day Tamil Nadu and present day Kerala from the capital of Vanchi Muthur in the west, (thought to be modern Karur). [60] In the Tiruvarur Thygarajar Temple, the principal deity is Somaskanda under the name of Thyagaraja. The city is known for being entrepreneurial and is one of the quickest developing urban zones in India. Includes estimated population of Paomata, Mao Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati District of Manipur for 2001. [67] From the Chola period (9th century C.E) onwards the popularity of Aiyanar-Shasta became even more pronounced. There are few worship forms and practices in Hinduism that are specific to Tamil Nadu. [69], Kālī (Tamil: காளி) is the Hindu goddess associated with power, shakti. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. The saivite saints have revered 276 temples in Tevaram and most of them are in Tamil Nadu on both shores of river Cauvery. A number of political parties in Tamil Nadu, such as Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) owe their origins to the Self-respect movement,[75] the latter a 1972 breakaway from the DMK. [12] Most of them came from the Tamil region and the last of them lived in the 9th century CE. This revival was short-lived as the Pandya capital of Madurai itself was sacked by Alauddin Khalji's troops under General Malik Kafur in 1316 CE.[8]. The population development in Tamil Nadu as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). Tamil Nadu is one of state in India with population of 72147030. Tamil Nadu Let women rule for 2.5 years: Tamil Nadu Deputy CM Panneerselvam Tamil Nadu The Hindu announces Margazhi competition for young Indian classical musicians The capital is Chennai, in the northeastern portion of the state. It is the seicont lairgest state economy in Indie as o 2012. The city has a rapid growth rate of approximately 17.8%. In 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu, meaning Tamil country. Tamil Nadu was ruled by several empires, including the Chera, Chola, and Pandyan empires, which helped shape the state’s cuisine, culture, and architecture. km) 480 Literates 40524545 TAMIL-NADU ke provincial symbols. The majority of the Tamil Nadu population is comprised of Tamils, speakers of the traditional Dravidian language. With a total human count of 76 million people, Tamil Nadu is one of the well developed states of South India. Tamil Nadu is a laund maist kent for its monumental auncient Hindu temples an clessical form o dance Bharata Natyam. Tamil Nadu has a sex ratio of 996 females to 1000 males. [47] The cult of Skanda disappeared during the 6th century and was predominantly expanded during late 7th century Pallava period - Somaskanda sculptured panels of the Pallava period stand as a testament. Paranjothi, the general of Pallavas who defeated Chalukyas. There are many Mathas (meaning monastic institutions) and temples based out of Tamil Nadu. The total number of Hindus in Tamil Nadu as per 2011 Indian census is 63,188,168 which forms 87.58% of the total population of Tamil Nadu. It is currently headed by Sri Arunagirinatha Gnanasambantha Desika Paramacharya. The Nemili Town Panchayat has population of 10,806 of which 5,423 are males while 5,383 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. [45] In modern times, there are separate temples for Ganesha in Tamil Nadu. She is the foremost among the Dasa Mahavidyas, ten fierce Tantric goddesses.[70]. Muneeswarar (Tamil முனீஸ்வரன்) is a Hindu god. They were expelled by the Pallavas and the Pandyas in the sixth century. According to the 2011 census, Tamil Nadu has 87.6% Hindus, 6.1% Christians, and 5.9% Muslims, 0.1% Jains, and 0.3% other religions or no religion. This is followed by another inscription in Uraiyur near Tiruchirapalli which is dated to the 4th century C.E. [39] The lingam is the principal deity in most Shiva temples in South India. "[9] As the Vijayanagara Empire went into decline after mid-16th century, the Nayak governors, who were appointed by the Vijayanagar kingdom to administer various territories of the empire, declared their independence. 42-43, at. This list is based on the 2011 census conducted by Government of India. Worship of these deities is oftentimes seen as the modern continuation of the Dravidian folk religion followed before the Indo-Aryan arrival into Indian Subcontinent. From 2001 to 2011, Tamil Nadu’s population grew 15.6%, and currently adds about 1.2 million people to its population every year. The city is both a populous urban area and a beach city. Marudamalai Temple of the city is the most visited place here dedicated to the Hindu deity Lord Murugan. Of the three cities, Madurai has the highest population density of 823 people per square kilometer. [43] K. A. Nilakanta Sastri (1963:57-58) thinks that Pallavas adopted the Ganesa motif from Chalukyas. [56] The image depicts Shiva as a teacher of yoga, music, and wisdom, and giving exposition on the shastras (vedic texts) to his disciples. [5] Pallavas ruled a large portion of South India with Kanchipuram as their capital. [38], The Lingam is a representation of the Hindu deity Shiva used for worship in Hindu temple. Because the Kalabhras gave protection to Jains and perhaps Buddhists, too, some have concluded that they were anti-Hindu, although this latter view is disputed. The population development of the State of Tamil Nādu by census years. The population density is 550 people per square kilometer. The total number of Tamil Hindus as per 2011 Indian census is 63,188,168[10] which forms 87.58% of the total popualation of Tamil Nadu. 48% of the population lives in urban spots, one of the highest in the nation. Brihadeshwara Temple in Thanjavur is a classical example of the magnificent architecture of the Chola kingdom. Local legend states the Tamil word Pillayar splits into Pillai and yaar meaning who is this son, but scholars believe it is derived from the Sanskrit word pulisara meaning elephant. But they have not change their religion legally as they will lose benefit of reservation. 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